An archive of recent BSC sponsored events (also see short list of events prior to 2016).
|North East||Yorkshire and Humberside||North West|
21 June 2016
Justice Reinvestment and Social Justice: Beyond ‘What Works’
Seminar by Professor Julie Stubbs, University of New South Wales, Australia
Julie Stubbs is a criminologist and Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of New South Wales, in Sydney, Australia. Much of her research focuses on women and criminal justice including women’s imprisonment, justice reinvestment, restorative justice, domestic violence law reforms, homicide, battered woman syndrome and sexual assault. Her publications include two new books: Justice Reinvestment: Winding Back Imprisonment(Brown et al, 2016, Palgrave Macmillan) and Australian Violence (co-edited with Tomsen, forthcoming 2016, Federation Press). She is a member of the International Advisory Board of the British Journal of Criminology. Julie is visiting London and Glasgow as part of her current research on alternatives to women’s imprisonment.
3-4- March 2016
Symposium on the Legal Regulation and Policing of Commercial Sex, Queen’s University Belfast
The Commercial Sex Research Network Ireland (CSRNI) is an all-Ireland interdisciplinary network for researchers critically engaged in the area of commercial sex and sex work in Ireland. Funded by the Irish Research Council under the New Foundations scheme, the network is being developed between in a three-way partnership between the University of Limerick, NUI Galway and the Schools’ of Law and Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work at Queen’s University, Belfast, thus ensuring important cross-border links. The aims of the network are to provide a much-needed space for interdisciplinary collaboration and dissemination of research activities nationally and internationally.
As part of the CSRNI network the School of Law and the School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work at Queen’s University, Belfast hosted a symposium on commercial sex on March 3 – 4. This event was sponsored by the British Society of Criminology (Northern Ireland) Regional Group. While the emphasis of the symposium was on developments that are occurring in Ireland (North and South) issues around commercial sex in other jurisdictions including Britain and Sweden / Norway were also considered. Topics discussed include: the role of the digital economy in the buying and selling of sexual services; the policing of commercial sex; legislative changes and the criminalisation of demand; and feminist responses to commercial sex.
The aim of the symposium was to share analyses of the prevalence and regulation of commercial sex in Ireland, and to draw upon best practice lessons from other jurisdictions. The symposium brought together academics, NGOs and those involved in commercial sex in Ireland.
The first meeting of the NI BSC Regional Group took place on 7th October at Queen’s. This event was intended to revitalise the BSC in NI and was very well attended with around 25 representatives from the various statutory agencies (PSNI, DOJ, Prison Service) students and NGOs with an interest in criminal justice turning up. Dr Butler and Dr Ellison explained the aims of the Society, encouraged people to become members, but also focused on what individual members wanted the Society to achieve. We had a long discussion around how the Society could contribute to policy debates by for example, commenting on public consultation exercises. The feeling was that initially at least the Society should focus on building capacity internally within the group as well as focusing on particularly topic issues in the criminal justice arena in Northern Ireland. Discussion included, but was not limited to, issues around youth deduction, disadvantage, older adults, mental health, the role of communities in promoting reintegration and confidence in the police and legal authorities.
Wednesday December 5, 2018
Cardiff University, Room: Glamorgan Building, Room 0/86
Federico Varese (Professor of Criminology, Oxford University)
Federico Varese is Professor of Criminology at Oxford and a world expert on mafias and their movement. He has recently published Mafia Life, a more popular audience book on the dynamic of mafias.
Friday October 26, 2018 18:00-19:30
Bangor University, Room: Mathias Hall in the Music building
Normalising the Exceptional: Covert Surveillance and the Subterranean World of Policing
Dr Bethan Loftus, Bangor University
In this paper, I draw on data derived from an ethnographic field study of covert policing to make two arguments. The first is that the deployment of covert surveillance has become normalised, both in policing thought and operational practice. In a break with earlier patterns, the methods of covert surveillance are used extensively and are no longer regarded as a tactic of last resort. Covert policing is well anchored within organisational arrangements and is empowered by a series of internal rationales mobilised to justify the expansion of covert tactics over and above more traditional, overt forms. Secondly, I argue that the building of intrusive and exceptional policing practices within mundane contexts is one of the ways the police have innovated and adapted to a broader policing environment characterised by public scepticism and distrust. Policing relies on the invisibility and low profile that comes with covert work in order to govern contemporary concerns of crime and insecurity without the conflicts and tensions which increasingly accompany and trouble overt policing practices. In the context of reputational threats which hamper or restrict overt policing practices, covert policing has become a functional and alternative power resource largely uncoupled from the spectacle of mainstream policing.
Chair: Martina Feilzer
Friday November 23, 2018 18:00-19:30
University of South Wales, Treforest Campus, Room: TBC
The impact of ‘children first’ policies on the enforcement of statutory orders by Welsh Youth Offending Teams.
Heddwen Daniels (PhD Student, University of South Wales)
The Welsh Government’s latest youth justice strategy states that young people in the Youth Justice System are “children first, offenders second” (Welsh Government and YJB Cymru, 2014:4). Integral to this principle is that these young people should have “the same access to their rights and entitlements as any other young person” (ibid.). Numerous national social justice policies and legislation, and international conventions adopted by the Welsh Government, provide a firm historical underpinning for these statements.
To just what extent, however, do these ‘children first’ principles inform the decisions made by the youth justice professionals who enforce statutory orders? This paper argues that breach decision-making varies considerably according to the professionals’ personal beliefs regarding crime and its perpetrators. Indeed, preliminary findings from the author’s ongoing study suggest that this variability is significantly marked. This paper explores the impact of these different beliefs on young people who fail to comply with their statutory orders. The author concludes that unless the dominant societal attitudes towards crime can be overridden in the practice of youth justice, the advantages of ‘children first’ policies will remain but an ideal, implemented only by those professionals whose perceptions of young people naturally complement the policies.
Chair: Sophie Pike
Thursday 31st May 2018
Professor Steve Tombs (Open University)
We can of course agree that Grenfell was, remains and will continue to be a tragedy of immense proportions. But what does it mean to say this? Here Prof Tombs examined this question through the lens of social harm, and focus on the aftermaths and consequences of the fire; but in so doing, many of the factors it reveals also help to explain the presence and character of the factors which, in combination, helped to produce a fire which could have such devastating effects. The paper delineates, largely empirically (though suggestive of lines of conceptual development), the various, discrete ways in which distinct types of harms – physical, emotional and psychological, financial and economic , and cultural and relational – have been and will continue to be produced by the fire. Some of these are these are readily apparent, others of these are opaque and obscured. On the basis of these explorations of the range of social harms produced by the fire at Grenfell Tower, he concluded by asking what criminal justice can provide to the victims, survivors and other affected communities.
Wednesday February 7, 2018 Cardiff University
Professor Letizia Paoli (University of Leuven)
“The Centrality of Harm to Crime, Criminal Policy and the Governance of Security, and the Potential Contribution of Harm Assessment”
In this talk, I will demonstrate the centrality of harm to crime, criminal policy and the governance of security, through an exploration of harm and crime in legal history, legal theory, criminology and related fields and consideration of the role of harm in criminal policy and the governance of security. I will also argue that such centrality is often only implicit in the contemporary discourses on crime, criminal policy, security and risk and that harm mostly remains underdeveloped as a concept. I will then briefly present the Harm Assessment Framework, a tool I have developed with Dr. Victoria Greenfield (George Mason University) to define and operationalize harm and systematically assess the harms of criminalized activities as well as those that are candidate for criminalization or control. Lastly, I will consider the potential contribution that the harm assessment can make to both criminal policy and the governance of security.
Weakness as Routine: Contributing to a research agenda on the weak field of global justice
(in association with Bangor Social Sciences Research Seminar Series)
Dr Sara Dezalay (Cardiff University)
Wednesday October 25, 2017.
Bangor University, Alun A201
How can one account for the contrast between the protracted weakness of the International Criminal Court and the strength of a global justice discourse focused on the criminalization of state and societal violence? To address this puzzle, this article suggests the hypothesis of global justice as a “weak field” that is a space that is weak as regards its internal autonomy but not weak in its wider social effects. Looking at professional patterns within the ICC, and the way in which evidence is marshalled into the Court, its gist is that weakness is not a transitory feature – rather it has developed into a routine as a structural feature of the ICC, and the broader field of global justice. Grounded in Bourdieu’s field theory, it relies on biographical interviews with ICC staff, academics and members of non-governmental operating around the Court.
(In association with Cardiff University, Centre for Crime, Law and Justice research seminar series)
The politics of security in the case of Brussels after the bombings
Dr. Elke Devroe (Leiden University) & Professor Paul Ponsaers (Ghent University)
October 11, 2017
The basic proposition of the paper is that politics matters in explaining major problems of crime and insecurity, such as the recent spate of terrorist incidents in European cities. The politics of security is central to an understanding of the conditions that enable or frustrate such incidents and ought to be as central to social scientific research as are official preoccupations with the attitudes of perpetrators. Understanding the conditions of ‘radicalisation’ is as important as understanding the lifestyle and choices of the ‘radicalised’. To this end, the paper provides a case study of the politics of security in Brussels, a city directly implicated in the attacks on Paris in November 2015 as well as being a target for political violence itself, in March 2016.
Prior to the bombings of 22nd March 2016, the Belgian Federal Government had developed an ambitious counterterrorist programme focussed on the neighbourhood of Molenbeek in Brussels, which had served as a base for those involved in the attack on Paris on 15th November 2015. The federal structure of the country and the particularly complex arrangements for governing the Brussels Capital Region hindered the implementation of this programme. In its initial response, the Federal Government broadened the scope and enforcement of the criminal law against offenders and then sought to manage the risks of further terrorist incidents by targeting, for proactive interventions, those known or suspected by the authorities of embarking upon terrorist careers. This was to the detriment of the broader preventive social policy approach favoured by the regional government of Brussels but undermined by cuts in public expenditure (Edwards, Devroe & Ponsaers, 2017). The proactive strategy of the Federal Government was severely criticised by human rights organisations whilst international criticisms focused on Belgium’s allegedly weak security policies and complex governing arrangements, even depicting the country as a ‘failed state’. However, this depiction neglects the important efforts and progress made in a short period and the emerging threats posed by “returnees”, those now returning to European metropolises, such as Brussels, having fought in Syria and Iraq. It is argued that this emerging challenge emphasises the importance of a more holistic policy response capable of integrating enforcement, risk management and social prevention.
21 June 2017
Sam Hanks (SOCSI)
“Critically exploring the governance of massage parlours in Cardiff: promoting sex worker safety and wellbeing”.
Simon Avery (SOCSI)
“The governmentality of local organised crime assessments”
17 May 2017
Dr. David Mellor (University of South Wales)
“Should robots commit crimes?”
The increasing integration of robots and automata throughout society will bring a range of social and public policy challenges. This talk looked specifically at how these might relate to security, crime and justice by asking: should robots commit crimes? This depends on what a robot is, how we understand the nature and possibility of action, and whether nonhuman actors will re-shape ideas about personhood that underpin modern society. These are complex philosophical and science fictional questions that we are being pressed into facing through the rapid emergence of new technologies. Building on some examples of and developments in current technology, I will discuss the scene of speculation and debate that surrounds robots, opening up some potential criminological implications. I will consider the interplay of social imaginaries, policy challenges and the development of regulations, and the design ethics for maintaining a safe and secure, technologically saturated society.
23 March 2017 Swansea University
Chair: Debbie Jones
Professor Phil Scraton (School of Law, Queen’s University, Belfast)
“Hillsborough: Resisting Injustice, Recovering Truth”
15 April 1989: an inescapable crush on the terraces at Hillsborough Stadium at an FA Cup Semi-Final led to the deaths of 96 men, women and children. Hundreds of Liverpool fans were injured, thousands traumatised. The families’ unrelenting campaign for truth recovery, spanning two decades, led to disclosure of all existing documents to an Independent Panel. Its definitive 2012 report revealed institutional mendacity, corrupted evidence and partial investigation. This brought an unreserved Government apology, an ongoing criminal investigation into all agencies involved and an unprecedented IPCC investigation into the policing of Hillsborough. It also led to new inquests, commencing March 2014 through to April 2016 and the momentous verdict that the 96 had been killed unlawfully.
Author of the highly acclaimed Hillsborough: The Truth (2016), Phil Scraton headed the Panel’s research and was primary author of its report. Having worked with the families and survivors since 1989, he was advisor to the families’ legal teams throughout the inquests. In this public lecture he reflects on the long-term campaign for truth, details the Panel’s extensive findings, analyses the new inquests, their outcome, the work of the IPCC and the case for prosecutions. Finally, he examines the impact of his critical research and truth recovery for challenging institutional injustice and holding State institutions to account.
22 Feb 2017 Cardiff University, Chair: Stuart Field
Marco Calaresu (Sassari University),“Researching Urban Security Agendas in Europe”
Mark Berry (SOCSI), “Modern technologies of an everyday drug dealer”
22 Feb 2017 Cardiff University, Chair: Fiona Brookman
Dr Anna Clancy (Research Manager, Invisible Walls Wales at HMP Parc & Researcher USW)
“Prisoner’s families and children: Can the walls be ‘invisible’?”
People sent to prison are cut off from close contact with their partners and children, with adverse consequences in terms of increased family breakups, obstacles to successful resettlement, and risks of the children going on to offend themselves. This issue has often been neglected in penal policy, although recently it has attracted greater recognition and a number of new initiatives have been introduced. One of the most ambitious of these is the ‘Invisible Walls Wales’ (IWW) project in HMP Parc, funded by the Big Lottery, and currently being evaluated by the speakers. This is built around the facilitation of much more frequent face to face contact between prisoners and their children (often combined with interventions to improve fathering skills), support from ‘family intervention mentors’, the transformation of visiting arrangements, liaison with schools, and ‘through the gate’ work by workers from G4S and Barnardo’s. The talk will explore the challenges of maintaining family relationships during and after imprisonment and present preliminary results from the study
25/01/17 (Wed) University of South Wales, Chair: Fiona Brookman
Marian Buhociu (University of South Wales)
“’I quit heroin for meow’: A qualitative study of the use of New Psychoactive Substances among problematic drug users in South Wales”
Until a few years ago it seemed that new psychoactive substances (NPS) had appealed mainly to young, recreational drug users. However, since the second half of 2012, anecdotal reports from South Wales drug agencies and research from elsewhere in Europe indicated that NPS started to make their way into the drug repertoires of more seasoned users of heroin, ‘crack’ cocaine and amphetamine, who are widely described as ‘problematic drug users’. This presentation considered the circumstances and reasons why this hidden population decided to use the most popular of these substances, namely mephedrone.
7/12/16 Robert Jones (University of South Wales)
“Putting the ‘Wales’ into England and Wales”
The process of devolution in Wales has catalysed major political, cultural, social and institutional change. While these changes have been reflected within the research agendas of academics working within a number of disciplines, the study of criminal justice in Wales remains something of an exception. This paper aims to chart the effects that devolution has made to Wales’ role within the England and Wales justice system. The paper will focus upon the area of penal policy and offender management to help showcase the emergence of a distinct Welsh criminological space and to cement the fact that Wales is now an important unit of criminological analysis.
2/11/2016 Professor James Sheptycki (York University, Toronto)
“Intelligence-led Policing and Gun Crime in Toronto”.
The year 1991 was the first in Canadian history when more homicides were committed with handguns than rifles or shotguns (Sheptycki, 2009). This marked a significant turning point in the history of urban street-crime in Canada. Prior to this time, handgun use was rare in the context of all types of street crime in Canadian cities – from robbery and extortion to participation in illicit markets. This paper examined the technological responses of the police in Canada to increasing gun-crime on the street. It looks at the application of ‘intelligence-led policing’ (Maguire, 2000) to a specific type of crime, one which is socially highly charged in symbolic and political terms.
19/10/2016 Dr. Nic Groombridge (St Mary’s University, London)
A number of sports banned Russian teams from the Olympics. The bans were the result of an independent enquiry which showed State sponsored doping of athletes. The decisions to ban were appealed to the Court for Arbitration in Sport. Accusations have been made that bribery helped secure the Olympics of 2020 in Tokyo. These might be dismissed as ‘sport’, recognised as involving International Relations/politics or even seen to be big business and spectacle but they also involve crime as well as breaches of the rules of sport that are crime-like. Further all these actions are policed, prosecuted and judged by officials. All these crime and justice-like activities increasingly overlap with national and international law and justice. Criminology has only tentatively engaged with these issues around corruption and the possibility that sport may prevent crime or aid rehabilitation. This talk sums up where criminology is and where it might go in taking sport seriously.
Thursday 10/03/16 Cardiff University
Chair: Fiona Brookman
Professor Heith Copes
(University of Alabama, Birmingham, USA)
“Using Images to Reflect the Social World of Meth Users”
“Photo by Jared Ragland”
‘People develop personal identities by telling stories about themselves and others. By telling stories, people can associate with desired groups and create social boundaries separating themselves from those they find less desirable. While all people engage in boundary work, it is especially important for members of stigmatized groups (e.g., drug users). My aim here is to examine how drug users draw on cultural narratives of addicts as junkies and meth heads to create personal identities based on types of users. To do so, I rely on ethnographic fieldwork with active methamphetamine users in the rural Alabama, USA. This work combines observations, semi-structured interviews and visual methodologies to determine how they make distinctions between functional and dysfunctional meth users (i.e., “meth heads”). By using photos to elicit responses and to reflect boundaries I seek to show the complexity of meth users’ identities and illustrate how anti-drug campaigns that provide grotesque caricatures of drug users may prolong drug using careers’.
“The Working Lives of Judges in the Criminal Courts”
Wednesday 3 Feb 2016 at Bangor University
Chair: Stefan Machura / Robin Mann
Speaker: Professor Penny Darbyshire (Kingston Law School, Kingston-upon-Thames)
The presentation was based on research work-shadowing every type of judge at every level of the courts over a period of ten years, throughout the six circuits of Wales and England. The aim was to find out what judges did and what they were like. Research was reported in the book “Sitting in Judgment – the working lives of judges (Hart 2011).
Professor Sandra Walklate (Eleanor Rathbone – Chair of Sociology)
“Clare’s Law: A Case of Therapeutic Justice?”
Chair: Fiona Brookman
This event took place at Cardiff University (28/1/2016).
At the time of writing there is a Royal Commission on Family Violence underway in the state of Victoria, Australia. On the back of that commission both the New South Wales and Queensland have set in train consultation procedures concerning the possible introduction of a ‘Clare’s Law’. This presentation examined the origins and efficacy of the introduction of such a law (more formally known as the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme) both here and elsewhere. It considered the evidential basis for this initiative, whose voices are listened to, and why, within the context of burgeoning debates around therapeutic justice.
Dr Janna Verbruggen (Cardiff University)
“Integrating the longitudinal study of intimate partner violence perpetration within life course criminology”
Almost 1 in 4 women and 1 in 10 men experience intimate partner violence IPV at some point in their lives, whilst it is estimated that £4 billion of public money is spent on responding to IPV annually. There is clearly a pressing need to better understand IPV perpetration and inform an evidence-based system of prevention and intervention. To date, IPV has been ignored in the development of life course criminological theory. Incorporating IPV perpetration in developmental models of criminal behaviour will enhance our understanding of the development of offending and the pathways out of crime. This presentation focuses on the first step of a larger research project by presenting a review of the literature on the development of and the process of desistance from IPV. The next step will be to employ secondary data analysis of longitudinal datasets from the UK, the USA and the Netherlands to investigate the development of and factors that promote desistance from IPV.
This event took place on 15 October 2015 at the University of South Wales. The Chair was Fiona Brookman and the talk was from Sophie Pike on:
“An exploration of the changes to the investigation of homicide in England and Wales from the 1980s to the present day”
Change has occurred in almost every facet of homicide investigation from scientific and technological advances, increased legislation and regulation, to the nature of the detective role and culture. The question remains of what has been the impact of change? Through interviews with former and serving homicide detectives, observations of investigations and examination of past and present case files, the aim of this PhD research is to explore how developments in the investigation of homicide have shaped modern day inquiries. Focussing upon scientific and technological change, this presentation provided an insight into the preliminary findings. The data reveal concerns around the management of the information that such evidence generates, difficulties in keeping up with continually evolving techniques and others. Changes in this regard have undoubtedly been beneficial. However, the findings suggest that that such advances have provided today’s investigators with new challenges to be negotiated.
2015 – Paolo Campana gave a presentation to the BSC Wales branch and for anyone who could not attend they might want to read the newly published paper:
Campana, P. (2015). “The Structure of Human Trafficking: Lifting the Bonnet on a Nigerian Transnational Network”, British Journal of Criminology, online first, doi:10.1093/bjc/azv027 http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/06/09/bjc.azv027.1
Thursday September 20, 2018, 2 – 5pm
Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne
Emerging Perspectives on Violence
List of Speakers:
Prof Stephen Graham (Newcastle University) – Disruption by design: Urban infrastructure and political violence.
Ruth Lewis, Mike Rowe & Clare Wiper (Northumbria University) – New forms of old misogyny: Violence against women online and offline.
Simon Winlow (Northumbria University) – The Universal, the Specific and the Particular: Notes on Men and Violence.
Tanya Wyatt (Northumbria University) – Environmental Harm as Violence.
19 May 2017
New Directions in Criminology: Theory and Method
The North East Branch of the British Society of Criminology hosted this half-day event New Directions in Criminology: Theory and Method. The aim of the event was to generate discussion and debate on a wide range of theoretical and methodological issues in criminology.
12.00 Coffee and introductions
12.30 Pam Davies (Northumbria) – ‘Children as Victims’
13.00 Mark Horsley (Teesside) – ‘Forget ‘Moral Panics’’
13.30 Jo Large (Teesside) – ‘Conspicuously Doing Charity: Exploring harm within the context of charity based tourism. A challenge for criminologists to address?’
14.00 Coffee break
14.30 Thomas Raymen (Plymouth) – ‘Show Me The Money: Developing a transcendental materialist theory of gambling addiction’
15.00 Mike Rowe (Northumbria) – ‘Policing and Visual Cultures’
15.30 Simon Winlow (Teesside) – ‘Criminology’s present crisis, and what we can do about it’
Wednesday 25 January 2017 Teesside University
Human Enhancement Drugs: The Illicit Steroid Market and the Legal Supplement Industry
Katinka van de Ven and Kyle Mulrooney
While the origins of human enhancement drugs (HEDs) date back over 100 years, the drive for human enhancement has been insatiable and continues to grow. Millions of people take HEDs (also known as ‘performance and image enhancing drugs’ or ‘lifestyle drugs’), from elite level athletes and sport and exercise enthusiasts, who hope to further their athletic aspirations or achieve better bodies, to working students and adults seeking to get ahead in their studies or careers, to everyday men and women seeking to defy the ageing process or who are generally interested in healthy living and well-being. However, the legality of HEDs is not so black and white, and the fact remains that certain compounds sold can have serious health consequences. Some HEDs, such as vitamins, minerals and supplements are bought and sold legally on the open market in many countries, while others such as methylphenidate or testosterone fall into a semi-legal category in that they may be available by prescription, while still yet others such as 2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) or ephedrine are illegal and available only on the black market. The precarious legal position of human enhancement drugs means that the sale of these substances is ripe for criminological inquiry while their widespread availability means human enhancement drugs are likely to become a growing public health issue. In this presentation, we will provide an overview of the different types of HEDs and highlight some of the issues surrounding them. We will then zoom in a little closer and explore in more detail two specific HED markets; the illicit steroid market and the legal market for sports supplements.
Wednesday 3 February 2016 Teesside University
‘What are you looking at? Disentangling the subject, space and hegemonic in male violence’
Dr Anthony Ellis – The University of Salford
Dr Ellis discussed findings from his recently published research monograph ‘Men, Masculinities and Violence: An Ethnographic Study’ (Routledge), which is a ground-breaking empirical and theoretical study exploring male violence, trauma, class and social space.
The North East Branch held their re-launch event in June 2015, at Durham University.
The event marked the formation of a network of North East based criminologists and a platform for academics, postgraduate students and criminal justice practitioners to engage in exciting work happening across the region and beyond.
Over the coming years the BSC North East Regional Network will host seminars and events across North East universities and attract local, national and international speakers involved in research and practice at the cutting-edge of the discipline. It is in this context that the theme of the first event discussed the experiences of academics based at Durham University as they embarked upon the journey of introducing the Inside-Out programme to the UK.
An Introduction to Inside-Out: principles, pedagogy and challenges in introducing it to the UK.
Dr Kate O’Brien and Dr Hannah King
(Inside-Out Prison Exchange Programme, Durham University)
This presentation reflected upon experiences of delivering the Inside Out Prison Exchange Programme inside HMP Durham and HMP Frankland during 2014-15. Originally developed at Temple University in Philadelphia in 1997, Inside-Out is a prison education programme designed to break down barriers and prejudices and provide undergraduate students (‘outside students’) and prisoners (‘inside students’) with a unique opportunity to study together as peers behind the prison walls. Durham University is the first institution outside of North America to deliver the Inside-Out programme. The presentation included an outline of some of the challenges faced setting up and delivering the Inside-Out programme in the UK, and an examination of the value and potential of the Inside-Out pedagogical approach for ‘teaching’ criminology to students located on both sides of the wall.
University of Sheffield on January 30, 2019: opening paper was given by Dr Layla Skinns, Reader in Criminology, University of Sheffield.
‘Seeing the light: design, architecture and detainee dignity inside police detention’
University of Hull, November 28, 2018, 10-4pm.
The opening paper was delivered by Dr Jake Phillips, Reader in Criminology, Sheffield Hallam University:
‘Dying on probation and after prison: human rights and the right to life’
November 1, 2017
The Yorkshire and Humberside Regional Event on Contemporary Research in Crime and Justice took place at the University of Hull.
Wednesday, 23 May 2018
Theorising Sites of Discipline in Society – Liverpool Hope University
This event was sponsored by the North West Branch of the British Society of Criminology and Liverpool Hope University
There has been growing interest within criminology and across the social sciences more widely in the diffusion of disciplinary techniques and institutions throughout society. These techniques range from the more subtle as exhibited by the development of the Behavioural Insights Team (or nudge unit) under the Coalition Government and the associated shift towards an increasingly penal welfare state, to the hardening of responses in more traditional institutions in the carceral state and beyond. This one-day conference intends to critically examine the growing influence of some of these techniques and institutions and their impact upon vulnerable and marginalized populations as well as their wider ramifications for society as a whole. Themes which we intend to address during the day’s discussion include: the role of the military in disciplining marginalized populations; the disciplining of refugee and migratory groups in the ‘Jungles’ of Northern Europe; the problems posed by imprisonment upon those seeing to desist from crime; the associated role of society as a site of discipline for those facing the stigma of criminal records and Disclosure and Barring Service checks; and shifting sites of discipline in contemporary mental health and penal welfare policy reform.
List of speakers:
Dr Emily Hart (University of Liverpool)
Developing a ‘Critical Desistance’: The harms of imprisonment and the search for a ‘real utopia’
Dr Andrew Henley (Keele University)
Criminal records checks and the regulation of redemption: a delegation of the power to punish?
Dr Rich Moth (Liverpool Hope University)
From psychiatric abuse to psycho-compulsion: shifting sites of discipline in contemporary mental health and welfare policy reform
Dr Zaki Nahaboo (Liverpool Hope University)
Disciplining refuge in The Calais Jungle
Hannah Wilkinson (Keele University)
The military as a continuation site of discipline and conflict: ‘it was either join the army, or go to jail’
April 26, 2018
Criminology and Public Theology: On Justice, Mercy and Forgiveness – Edge Hill University
A seminar hosted by the Department of Law and Criminology and sponsored by the North West Branch of the British Society of Criminology and the Institute for Public Policy and Professional Practice (I4P), Edge Hill University
The seminar brought together leading academics from theology and criminology – two disciplines that have seldom interacted – in a cross-disciplinary discussion to consider the potential contribution that Christian theology can make to criminological debates on justice, mercy and forgiveness. The starting point for the seminar was , “At the heart of the Christian tradition is a radical critique of the concept of punishment” (Chris Wood, 1991:72). At a time when the penal system is in crisis it is perhaps right to consider such challenges to criminal justice orthodoxy.
List of speakers:
Dr Aaron Pycroft (Reader in Criminal Justice and Social Complexity, University of Portsmouth)
Saint Paul amongst the criminologists
Prof Andrew Millie (Professor of Criminology, Edge Hill University)
Public theology, criminology and hope
Dr Alistair McFadyen (Senior Lecturer in Systematic Theology, University of Leeds)
On having and loving enemies – Terror, torture, policing … and theology!
Prof Jonathan Burnside (Professor of Biblical Law, Law School, University of Bristol)
Why does Israel obey the law? Legitimacy and compliance in Biblical Law
Prof Loraine Gelsthorpe (Professor in Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Cambridge)
Am I my brother’s or sister’s keeper?
Prof Tim Gorringe (Emeritus Professor of Theological Studies, University of Exeter)
Slaves to defunct theologians: Religion, structures of affect and penal theory of practice
Dr Eric Stoddart (Lecturer, School of Divinity, University of St Andrews)
The restoration gaze
Prof Lawrence Burke (Professor of Criminal Justice, Liverpool John Moores University)
The ‘quality of mercy’ in probation practice
Revd Dr Myra Blyth (Fellow in Practical Theology, Regent’s Park College, University of Oxford)
Rituals of restoration: Understanding restorative conferencing and eucharistic sharing through the lens of ritual studies.
10 May 2017
Hosted by the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice, University of Lancaster Law School.
Ethical issues in criminological research are an increasingly complex matter. Consideration of issues around safety, informed consent, ‘guilty knowledge’ and disclosure, the limits of ‘participation’ in participant observation, the protection of vulnerable populations and so on, leads to a complex set of interlinked concerns. The aim of this one day conference is to examine these issues more closely. Invited speakers have conducted research which brought with it specific ethical considerations and will present papers outlining how these were tackled and ‘overcome’.
|Prof. Teela Sanders (Keynote)||University of Leicester||Sex industry|
|Dr. Raphael Schelmbach||University of Brighton||Policing protest; activist research|
|Dr. Anthony Ellis||Salford University||Male violence & far right politics|
|Dr. Irene Zempi||Nottingham University||Islamophobia|
|Dr. Jennifer Fleetwood||Goldsmiths, UoL||Female drug mules|
|Joanna Hill||University College London||Wildlife poaching in Uganda|
|Dr. Karenza Moore||Lancaster University||Drug use; illegal leisure|
|Dr. Gary Potter||Lancaster University||Cannabis cultivation|
|Dr. Sarah Kingston||Lancaster University||Prostitution|
The event took place at Lancaster University, Faculty of the Arts and Social Sciences, Main Room.
“It feels bubbly”: Listening to the emotional climate in prison
Kate Herrity, University of Leicester,
What does sound do for how we understand order and emotion in prison? This talk was based on an aural ethnography conducted in a local men’s prison between February and August 2017, with the aim of exploring the significance of sound in prison society. Attending to sound demonstrates the significance of paying closer attention to the sensory in prison ethnography, prompting consideration of how this impacts our understanding of the emotional geography of prison, and what this teaches us about the perilous business of ‘working at’ order, with which much of prison life is concerned. What are the implications this presents for how we gauge and manage wellbeing for prisoners and prison staff, as well as how we understand the prison?
8th January 2019
The emotional dynamics of peer work in prison and probation
Sarah Nixon, University of Gloucester
17th Sept 2018
Prison Re-Design: Designing the space in-between
An exploration of collaborative projects between the Interior Design programme students at De Montfort University and HMPs. Demonstrating how design can benefit and foster positive visitations with the aim of helping to reduce recidivism and enhance the visitor’s experience. Whilst at the same time providing transformative learning experiences for the student cohort in spaces rarely explored in the interior design industry.
Rosemarie Fitton, Associate Professor, School of Design, De Montfort University-
Date: Tuesday 15th May 2018 9.15am – 4.45pm
Venue: De Montfort University
This conference will bring together both scholars and practitioners with an interest and passion for debate in the developing field of emotion and criminal justice.
Following the success of our first conference in 2016, we continue the lively discussion with our exciting conference programme which will draw upon national and international research, and offer important perspectives to the debate about emotions in this sector.
We are extremely pleased to welcome both Professor Rob Canton and Jason Warr of De Montfort University as our keynote speakers. There will also be a series of stimulating workshops which reflect current research on emotion in the criminal justice context.
This conference was run by De Montfort University’s Criminal Justice Research Group’s Emotion and Criminal Justice Cluster.
What is Digital Criminology? Exploiting technology to enhance rehabilitation
Monday March 5, 2018
This session offered three insights into the ways in which technology can facilitate rehabilitation and help boost recovery and desistance for offenders of crime. There is a small yet growing raft of research which has focused on this area within criminology. Much focus has been on how technology is facilitating criminal activity. This session, deviates from this growing trend in criminology and reports in detail how digitization is currently been employed and how rehabilitative agendas can be assisted by technology.
Our speakers include:
Dr Victoria Knight– De Montfort University UK
Steven Van De Steene– Smart Corrections Belgium
Jason Morris- Interventions Team- HMPPS UK
Dr James Tangen – De Montfort University UK
December 13, 2017. 6-8pm, Trinity Chapel, De Montfort University, Leicester
We welcomed three esteemed experts to reflect on their own contributions to the field of punishment. Professor Rob Canton’s recent book Why Punish? An Introduction to the Philosophy of Punishment prompted us to think about punishment. The evening reflected on Rob’s important question to consider how our society responds to and deals with punishment.
Professor Rob Canton, DMU
Professor Anne Worrall, Keele University
Professor Gavin Dingwall, DMU
Wednesday November 15, 2017
Vijay Patel Building Room 2.02, De Montfort University
This event was free.
Chair: Professor Neil Chakraborti, Head of Department and Director of the Centre for Hate Studies, Department of Criminology, University of Leicester
Panel session members:
Professor Neil Chakraborti, Head of Department and Director of the Centre for Hate Studies, Department of Criminology, University of Leicester
Kim Sadique, Senior Lecturer in Community & Criminal Justice, De Montfort University
Dr Irene Zempi, Lecturer in Criminology, Nottingham Trent University
Hate crime has become an increasingly pernicious problem in many parts of the world, with numbers of incidents rising to record levels and causing devastating emotional and physical damage to victims, their families and wider communities. Within the UK last June’s EU referendum result was the catalyst for a surge in reports of targeted violence, while similar spikes have been seen within the US since the election of President Trump after a prolonged campaign of heated rhetoric and a slow disavowal of white supremacy. Equally alarming levels of hate crime have been documented across Europe with populist political parties in countries such as France, Denmark, Germany, Hungary and the Netherlands exploiting anti-immigrant sentiment, fuelling the scapegoating of particular minority groups and feeding off widely-held anxieties.
Within this context the need for fresh responses to hate crime has become all the more pressing. Despite progress within the domains of scholarship and policy, these escalating levels of hate crime – and the associated rise in tensions, demonisation and hostility towards ‘difference’ that accompanies such spikes – casts doubt over the effectiveness of existing measures and their capacity to protect victims of hate crime. As such, this session draws from extensive fieldwork conducted by the panel members to examine the nature, impact and implications of hate crime. In addition to identifying the different forms that hate crime can take and their associated harms, the panel consider ways in which existing faultlines within criminal justice responses compound the sense of distress and alienation felt by victims from a diverse range of communities. They also explore ways in which criminological debate can reach beyond its own echo chamber to connect with ‘real-world’ hate crime responses and experiences, and call for urgent action to plug the ever-widening chasm between state-level narratives and victims’ lived realities.
5th July 2017, De Montfort University
Dr Irene Zempi
Since the Macpherson Report, there has been pressure on the police to increase diversity of police staff. Although British police have recently recruited greater numbers of minority police officers, they still remain vastly outnumbered by their white, heterosexual, male counterparts. Drawing on data from qualitative interviews with 20 participants based in a force in the UK, we examined police officers’ experiences of hostility, discrimination and exclusion internally in the police (Mawby & Zempi, 2016). Although there is a lot of research focusing on police officers’ experiences of racism in the police, other aspects of their identity remain under-researched. In this study, we employed intersectionality (the presence of multiple aspects of identity) in order to examine police officers’ experiences of bias, prejudice and ‘hate’ perpetrated by work colleagues and supervisors. The findings show widespread hostility, discrimination and exclusion towards minority police officers, especially those with multiple and intersecting personal identities.
Learning Together in Leicester
De Montfort University, Leicester, organised a two-day Learning Together event in partnership with HMP Leicester. The event brought together people from prisons and universities to share information about the ways we have been working together to improve the educational experiences available to people in prison.
Day 1 – 15 June 2017 – HMP Leicester – Developing Learning Together partnerships. Arrival: arrive to enter prison for midday.
Focus: What do the different prison-university partnerships look like, how did they get started, what have been the main fears and challenges? How have they been overcome?
Day 2 – 16 June – De Montfort University, Leicester (Hugh Aston building).
Focus: Making sense of Learning Together. Understanding impact. Exploring our pedagogy and our methods.
Rethinking Prisons Research
13 & 14 June 2017
A two-day conference focusing on the emerging theoretical, conceptual and empirical themes in prisons research and possible future directions.
Plenary speakers included:
Dr Jamie Bennett (HMPPS)
Dr Ben Crewe (University of Cambridge)
Dr Dominique Moran (University of Birmingham)
Dr Ruth Mann (HMPPS)
Why Criminology needs Autoethnography : the importance of using past experiences to highlight current practices
Anita de Klerk third year PhD candidate at the University of Salford.
Anita’s PhD is entitled: The Transforming Rehabilitation Revolution: an autoethnographic investigation in voluntarism within criminal justice in England.
My focus is on the volunteer mentor and not just the peer mentor per se. In fact, my focus is on the increasing significance of voluntarism within criminal justice overall. My research is a comparative study between two case studies; the ‘old’ style volunteer mentor (before TR) and the ‘new’ style (after TR) investigating the influence that TR ,as policy, has had on the nature of voluntarism. The first case study has been constructed into a Weberian Ideal Type, completely from memory, as a Reflective Autoethnography and the second case study will be conducted as a Participatory Autoethnography where I go out and become a volunteer again and experience volunteering myself so that I may draw the comparisons.
1 March 2017
Dr Irene Zempi, Director of the Nottingham Centre for Bias, Prejudice & Hate Crime/Lecturer in Criminology, Nottingham Trent University (email: email@example.com)
Title: “I FEEL DEMOTIVATED, I DIDN’T JOIN THE FORCE FOR THIS”: The Experiences of Police Officers as Victims of Hate Crime
Hate crime has attracted significant academic and policy interest in recent years. This has focussed, inter alia, on contested definitions and boundaries of hate crime, the difficulties of recording and measurement, and policy and operational responses. While policing has figured in these debates, this has mainly focussed on their role in responding to hate crimes, and the levels of service provided to victims. However, in light of an increasingly diverse force, minority police officers might experience hate crime because of the intersectionality between their occupation identity and ‘difference’ based on core aspects of their personal identity. Nevertheless, the experiences of police officers as victims of hate crime remain ‘invisible’ in research terms. Drawing from qualitative data elicited through a UK-based study, Dr Rob Mawby and I conducted the first ever study to examine police officers’ hate crime experiences both ‘externally’ (e.g. from members of the public) and ‘internally’ within the force (e.g. from work colleagues and supervisors). Drawing on the ‘dirty work’ literature in parallel with the hate crime framework, this paper considers how police officers make sense of, and respond to these experiences. The findings show that hate crime from within the organisation ‘hurts more’ than experiencing hate crime externally.
2015-16 Seminar series
The third event of the series was hosted at University of Lincoln entitled Future Directions in Green Criminology.
Matthew Hall (University of Lincoln) – Environmental Mediation; Gary Potter (Lancaster University) – Mainstreaming Green Criminology ; Nigel South (University of Essex) – Subject TBC; Dominic Wood (Canterbury Christ Church University) – Environmental Justice
The second event of the season took place at Derby University: http://www.derby.ac.uk/lhss/news-and-events/events/bsc-midlands-network-event/
On the 4th December just over 80 people attended the BSC Midlands region held at the International Policing and Justice Institute at the University of Derby. The seminar focused on police leadership with the first speaker, Dr. Mark Kilgowan, a Senior Fellow at the University of Derby, offering an insight to key challenges facing the police. During his talk Mark drew upon his experiences gathered both while serving as a police officer and during his time as Academic Director at Bramshill Police College Mark was followed by the Steve Allen, the Deputy Chief Constable of Police Scotland, who initially spoke abut how three or four key moments in his policing career had shaped his values in policing. He then offered an insight into the challenges facing Scottish policing and finished by discussing how the SNP’s public sector competence agenda linked with police accountability. The final speaker was Mike Barton, the Chief Constable of Durham, who is often described as a ‘policing maverick”. Mike did not disappoint and called for policing’s role within the criminal justice system to be reconsidered. Mike advocated a system much more orientated towards restorative justice and questioned the value short prison sentences. He finished by offering examples of policing innovation within his force and how the 14 HMIC Inspections his force endured in 2014, resulted in Durham being declared the best performing force in the country. After a brief Q&A, attendees were invited to a networking supper and discussions went on well into the night.
Guilt and Criminal Justice: (Re)Opening the Dialogue
Great start to the BSC Midlands Regional Network: Guilt and Criminal Justice: (Re)Opening the Dialogue: Social Sciences, University of Warwick
This seminar discussed how an understanding of guilt, as a concept and as an emotion, can shed light upon contemporary problems facing criminal justice systems.
Although there has been extensive work done on guilt within other disciplines, such as philosophy, sociology and psychology, this concept has not figured very prominently in criminological debates in the UK. Meanwhile, while the idea of guilt, as a moral category, is sometimes present in legal academic debate, much less attention has been given to the psychosocial and political dimensions of the term. This seminar explored the extent the notion of guilt can assist an understanding of the authoritarian, punitive and preventive elements of contemporary criminal justice.
Dr Samantha Ashenden (Department of Politics, Birkbeck, University of London)
Dr Leonidas Cheliotis (Department of Social Policy, LSE)
February 20, 2019 Thomas Guiney (LSE) ‘When to release? Statecraft, legitimacy and the evolution of parole as a public policy concern’.
March 6, 2019 Coretta Phillips (LSE) “Dear White Criminology: Where Has All the Racism Gone?!”
March 27, 2019 Sacha Dark (University of Westminster) “Surviving through the Collective” (Brazilian Prisons)
February 6, 2019
Iain Brennan (University of Hull)
“The earliest opportunity: What do we know about police-led diversion following arrest?”
9 May 2017
Professor Robert Reiner, LSE
‘Crime: The mystery of a common-sense concept’ 4pm, Mayfield House, Falmer Campus, University of Brighton.
Wed 22 March 2017
Professor Stephen Savage and Mr John Grieve, University of Portsmouth
‘Non-recent (‘historic’) investigations and inquiries from Hillsborough to Operation Yewtree – Joining up the Dots’?
Thurs 23 March 2017
Professor James Sheptycki, University of York, Toronto
‘Policing Gun Crime in Toronto’, 4pm, Checkland Building, Falmer Campus, University of Brighton.
Wed 15 March 2017
Dr Louise Westmarland, The Open University
“Policing Gender and Ethics: An Ethnographic View of Culture and Practice”.
Wed 1 March 2017
Professor Yvonne Jewkes, University of Brighton
“Prison Planning and Design in the UK and Europe: What Constitutes a “Well-Designed” Prison?”
Wed 15 February 2017
Dr Matt Clements, University of Winchester
A People’s History of Riots, Protest and the Law: The Sound of the Crowd)
Weds 25th November 2015
School of Applied Social Science, Falmer Campus, Checkland Building, Room E424:
Peter Squires, Professor of Criminology & Public Policy: Voodoo Liability: Joint Enterprise Prosecutions as intensified criminalisation.
The tactic of joint enterprise prosecution complements and deepens the over-determination that gang related criminal activity has been subject to in many criminal justice jurisdictions. The implied ‘gang-relation’ misconstrues notions of identity and belonging, such that prosecution on the basis of joint enterprise can attribute a spurious intentionality and coherence, encouraging prosecutorial ‘over-charging’ and inviting speculation as to the ‘guilty mind’ or responsibility of persons so charged which is difficult to dispute and even more problematic to contest (or appeal) once an ‘association’ between primary and secondary defendants has been established.
Hate Crime and the Legal Process
Abenaa Owusu-Bempah (LSE) and Susann Wiedlitzka (University of Sussex)
The Prison Boundary: Between Society and Carceral Space
Jennifer Turner (University of Liverpool)
Reading Pictures: Art History and the Sociology of Punishment
Eamonn Carrabine (University of Essex)
31 October 2018
‘Betwixt and Between’: The Evolution of Parole as a Public Policy Concern in England and Wales
Thomas Guiney (LSE), with a response from Nick Hardwick (Royal Holloway, University of London)
28 November 2018
Taking Stock of Research on Policing and the Police
Panel with Jennifer Brown (LSE), Penny Dick (University of Sheffield) and Nigel Fielding (University of Surrey)
26 September, 2018
Atmospheres of Crime and Justice
Alison Young (University of Melbourne)
6 June 2018
Insa Koch (LSE)
The Paradox of Punishment: an Anthropology of Crime, Politics and Welfare at the UK’s Margins
16 May 2018
Ben Crewe (Cambridge), Alison Liebling (Cambridge), Yvonne Jewkes (Brighton)
Panel on ‘Deep Imprisonment’
21 March 2018
Jenni Ward (Middlesex)
Transforming Justice: Modernisation in the Lower Criminal Courts
28 February 2018
Jen Turner (Liverpool)
‘The Prison Boundary: Between Society and Carceral Space’
10 January 2018
Beth Weaver (Strathclyde)
6 December 2017
Vincenzo Ruggiero (Middlesex)
‘Political Violence: A Typology’
8 November 2017
Annette Ballinger (Keele)
Women convicted of homicide
11 October 2017
Scott Decker (Arizona)
The Promise of Ethnography: Gangs, Active Offenders and Policy
7 June 2017 Joanna Adler (Middlesex University) Impact of Pornography on the young
10 May 2017 Beth Weaver (Strathclyde University) Desistance from Co-offending: A relational perspective?
15 March 2017 Richard Garside (Centre for Crime and Justice Studies) and others (journalist and adviser to a crime programme invited) Communicating Criminology
8 February 2017 Sappho Xenakis (Birkbeck College, University of London) Global crime and comparative penology
11 January 2017 Annette Balinger (Keele University) Women convicted of homicide
7 Dec 2016 Marian Duggan (University of Kent) Clare’s Law: Evaluating Deviations in Domestic Violence Prevention Policies
12 October 2016 Georgics Antonopoulos and Alexandra Hall (University of Teeside) The Internet and the Transnational Market in Illicit Pharmaceuticals
11th May 2016 Svetlana Stephenson from LondonMet on Russian Gangs.
9th March 2016 Lisa Miller of Rutgers talked about her new book, The Myth of Mob Rule: Violent Crime and Democratic Politics
10 February 2016 Carolyn Hoyle of Oxford University talked about her research on discretion and decision-making at the Criminal Cases Review Commission
13th January 2016 Jonathan Ilan Kent of Kent University spoke about ‘Understanding Street Culture Poverty, Crime, Youth and Cool’ the subject of his recent book.
9 December 2015 Angus Nurse of Middlesex University Green Criminology and Policing the Environment
Criminologists have increasingly become involved and interested in environmental issues to the extent that the term ‘Green Criminology’ is now recognised as a distinct subgenre of the field. Within this unique area of scholarly activity, researchers consider not just harms to the environment, but also the links between green crimes and other forms of crime, including organised crime’s movement into the illegal trade in wildlife or the links between domestic animal abuse, domestic violence and more ‘serious’ forms of offending such as serial killing. In essence, green criminology allows for the study of environmental and criminal laws, environmental criminality and the abuse and exploitation of nonhuman animals. Green criminology also provides a mechanism for rethinking the study of criminal laws, ethics, crime and criminal behaviour (Situ and Emmons, 2000; Lynch and Stretesky, 2003).
But within this broad framework there exists a potentially paradoxical question. Does green criminology allow for the application of a green perspective to mainstream criminal justice issues, or is green criminology solely a tool for applying criminological perspectives to distinctly green crimes? Critics might argue that green criminology is limited because environmental crimes are not the core focus of criminal justice systems and public concern about crime and safety. Undoubtedly this is true but as White (2007, 2012a) observes, given the potential for environmental harms to extend far beyond the impact on individual victims that are the norm with ‘traditional’ crimes of interpersonal violence and property crime, green crimes should be given importance if not priority within justice systems. This paper argues that eco-global crimes such as the illegal trade in wildlife, pollution crimes and environmental harm are of significance not just because they are crimes that have a global reach and impact on both existing communities and future generations, but also because they affect and involve a range of nation states and different justice systems. By considering these issues, green criminology examines complex issues in criminological enquiry that extend beyond the narrow confines of individualistic crime which dominate criminological discourse and are the main focus of criminal justice policy. Simply put, green criminology thinks bigger.
11 November 2015 Harry Annison of Southampton University launched his book. Dangerous Politics: Risk, Political Vulnerability, and Penal Policy brings together relevant literature in law, criminology, and politics to provide insights into the nature of British penal politics, the role of the judiciary and pressure groups, and the interrelation between risk, the ‘public voice’, and penal politics. It presents a detailed case study of the IPP story: the creation and eventual demise of the Imprisonment for Public Protection (IPP) sentence.
Drawing on over 60 in-depth interviews with key policymakers, the author investigates the beliefs, traditions, and political processes that propelled developments in the ‘IPP story’, namely the creation, contestation, amendment, and demise of the IPP sentence. An indeterminate sentence modelled upon the existing life sentence but targeted far more broadly, the IPP sentence has been described as ‘one of the least carefully planned and implemented pieces of legislation in the history of British sentencing’ (Jacobson and Hough, 2010) and has dramatically increased the indeterminate-sentenced prison population, from approximately 3,000 in 1992 to over 13,000 in 2014. Though abolished in 2012, it remains a pressing issue: over 5,000 IPP prisoners remain, with ongoing campaigns pressing for their release. Standing as one of the most striking examples of the expansion of preventive goals in sentencing policy, this study of the IPP story stands as a cautionary tale, with important lessons for Australia, Canada, the United States, and other nations that continue to pursue preventive goals. This book argues that the IPP story demonstrates the need to be cautious of equating substance with process – while on one view the IPP sentence constitutes a penal manifestation of the risk society, its development refutes the ‘evolutionary growth’ of such policies as implied by the ‘new penology’ thesis.
14 October 2015 Alistair Fraser of Glasgow University Urban Legends: Gang Identity in the Post-Industrial City
As the youth gang phenomenon becomes a sensitive global issue, communities from Los Angeles to Rio, Cape Town to London are facing the reality of what such violent groups mean for their children and young people. Complex dangers and instabilities, as well as high levels of public fear and anger, fuel an amplification of anxious public and political rhetoric in relation to gangs, in which the stereotype of the American street-gang looms large. Set against this backdrop, this paper tells a story of young people, gang identity, and social change in post-industrial Glasgow, challenging the perceptions of gangs as a novel, universal, or pathological phenomenon. Though territorial gangs have been reported in Glasgow for over a century, with striking continuities over time, there are also important similarities with street-based groups elsewhere. Drawing on four years of varied ethnographic fieldwork in Langview, a deindustrialised working-class community, the paper spotlights the everyday experiences and understandings of gangs for young people growing up in the area, reasoning that – for some – gang identification represents a root of identity and a route to masculinity, in a post-industrial city that has little space for them.
Critical Directions in Green Criminology
Date: April 2, 2019
Joint event with BSC Historical Criminology Conference 2019
Linking past and present in criminological research
9-10 April 2019
Prof Barry Godfrey (University of Liverpool)
Dr Kate Lister (Leeds Trinity University)
For full details see Historical Criminology Network
Date: 30 January 2019
The Role of the Intelligent Machine in Organized Crime: An interdisciplinary research event
Venue: Bristol Law School
November 30, 2018
University of Plymouth
The BSC SW is supporting an interdisciplinary research seminar organised by the Institute for Social, Policy and Enterprise Research (ISPER) at the University of Plymouth entitled ‘Obtaining best evidence from child suspects in police custody: challenges and opportunities’. Speakers include Professor Ray Bull, Professor Becky Milne (University of Portsmouth), Professor Miet Vanderhallen (University of Antwerp and University of Maastricht), Miranda Bevan (LSE), Dr Lesley Laver (Bournemouth University), Martin Vaughan (University of Portsmouth), Piers von Berg (University of Plymouth), Rudi Schellingen (Chief of Police and Head of Investigation department CARMA, Genk, Belgium), and Chris Bath (Chief Executive, National Association of Appropriate Adults)
Neoliberalism, Work and Harm: Criminological Perspectives
Thursday 20th September 2018 at 15:00-17:00
University of Plymouth, Room 215 Babbage Building
May 8, 2018
Room 214 Babbage Building, University of Plymouth
Everyday Talk and Children’s Sense of (In)Justice: some examples from a school setting.
Richard Sparks and Marion Smith, Edinburgh University
Are All Radical Initiatives in Penal Policy Doomed to Fail?
Richard Sparks, Edinburgh University
13 December 2016
Dr Steve Wakeman from the Centre for Crime, Criminalisation and Social Exclusion, Liverpool John Moores University presented: RETHINKING HEROIN IN ‘AUSTERITY BRITAIN’: AN ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY.
Abstract: This presentation provided an overview of the main findings from an (auto)ethnographic exploration of heroin use in a disadvantaged area of the United Kingdom. Drawing on recent developments in Continental philosophy and criminological theory, questions will be posed around the ways in which changing patterns of heroin use can best be understood. The implications of such understandings will then be considered in the context of wider debates about drug treatment methods and drug policy revision. A core claim running through the presentation is this: in the UK’s rapidly evolving landscape of intoxication, criminologists in particular must not lose sight of the growing array of problems faced by a small but significant section of long-term problematic heroin users.
Dr Steve Wakeman is a senior lecturer in criminology, based in the Centre for Crime, Criminalisation and Social Exclusion at Liverpool John Moores University. His research interests fall across three fields: drugs, media, and theoretical criminology. For details of his published works and ongoing research projects go to:
Tweets as @Steve_Wakeman