International Ambassadors

The British Society of Criminology has appointed a number of International Ambassadors whose role is to help us to maintain close links with the international criminological community, and promulgate the work of the BSC and its members overseas. They assist in fostering relationships with other organisations and can be a first port of call for those visiting, studying in, moving to, or conducting research in their locale.

If you make contact with an International Ambassador, please let them know you found their details here.

Sandra Lee Browning
Associate Professor, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, USA.

School of Criminal Justice, Sandra Browning

Personal message: It is a great honor and privilege to be an International Ambassador for the BSC. A word or two about me. I am an Associate Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.  I am an American Sociological Association and an American Society of Criminology Minority Fellow.  I am also an active member in the Society for the Study of Social Problems, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and the Southern Sociological Society.  Throughout the various organizations, I’ve severed on several committees most notably as chairperson of the Affirmative Action Committee for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and a committee member for the Society for the Study of Social Problems, C. Wright Mills Award.  At the University of Cincinnati, I’m an affiliate in the Department of Women’s Studies as well as a union representative for the American Association of University Professors – University of Cincinnati Chapter. I’ve published on the impact of race on attitudes toward crime and justice, as well as the impact of incarceration on marriage and the family. My current research interests are in the areas of crime and the underclass, the institutionalization of black males, and the role of race in shaping views of the criminal justice system.  For the School of Criminal Justice, I teach a variety of different courses including, Law and Social Control, Race, Class and Crime, Women and Crime, and a Teaching Practicum course where I prepare our doctoral students for the joys and challenges of teaching. I’m looking forward to serving the BSC.


Recent activities: Recently, I’ve been investigating the causes and cost of the high recidivism rate in the US.

Carlos Alberto Carcach

Center for Public Policy, Higher School of Economics and Business (ESEN), Santa Tecla, El Salvador.

photo of CCarcach

Personal message: I am delighted and honored to be representing the BSC through the role of International Ambassador.  I am currently a full professor at ESEN where I lead the Center for Public Policy (CPP), a unit specializing in teaching and research in the fields of economics, statistics-econometrics and social science. In the field of criminology, we conduct research on the long-term political, economic and social consequences of the formation, growth, spread and strengthening of gangs in El Salvador, spatio-temporal dynamics of violence and its relationship to gangs, and on crime and communities. We teach graduate diploma courses in quantitative methods (econometrics and statistics), data science (on line format), and applied economics (evaluation and crime economics). I am keen to facilitate research work by BSC members in this art of the world.

Recent activities: I am involved in a study on the relationship between gangs and multi-type violence (homicide, extortion, disappearances, forced displacement, suicide). Also, I am part of the technical committee for the “El Salvador, Cómo Vamos”. This is a five-year initiative, funded by USAID and the private sector, aimed at monitoring community’s welfare and progress, and the effectiveness of public policies by local governments.

Vania Ceccato

Department of Urban Planning and Built Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.

photo of Vania Ceccato

Personal message: I am currently a full professor at KTH and coordinator of Safeplaces—a network funded by The Swedish National Crime Prevention Council (BRÅ) that links academia and situational crime prevention practices. GIS and spatial methods underlie my research on transit safety, individual’s mobility and the intersectionality of safety, geography of crime and fear in urban and rural environments, the impact of crime on housing markets. I am the (co)-author of several books, the most recent is Transit Crime and Sexual Violence in Cities (2020), by Routledge. I am delighted and honored to be representing the BSC through the role of International Ambassador. I was born in Brazil, migrated to Sweden in mid 1990s, where I was awarded my PhD. I treasure five years of my life I spent in the UK as post-doc candidate. My family lives in both sides of the Atlantic, Sweden and Brazil.


Recent Activities: In Brazil, I was keynote speaker in the workshop “Crime e Percepção de Segurança”, organsied by the Institute of Economy, at University of Campinas in December 2019 and more recently, I was invited to take part in a transit safety seminar organized by Transport studies unit, University of Oxford, UK. In Sweden and as part of the Safeplaces network, we organized innumerous scientific events in the last few years—a summary of these activities is found in the network website.  It has been a pleasure to contribute to the BSC blog in March 2020 by writing about remote research coordination.

Eric Chui

Professor and Head in the Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Personal message: I have been appointed as Professor and Head in the Department of Applied Social Sciences at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University since September 2021. Previously, I taught social work, criminology and law at the University of Exeter (UK), University of Queensland (Australia), The Chinese University of Hong Kong, The University of Hong Kong, and City University of Hong Kong. My primary fields of research are in youth justice social work and Asian criminology broadly defined. To be more specific, my current research interest lies in two areas, namely young people in conflict with the law and Chinese criminal justice. I am known regionally and internationally as a youth justice and social work researcher. In recent years, I have successfully tested and extended the application of western theories of delinquency (including social bonds theory, self-control theory) to the Chinese context; and this research has challenged traditional understandings and false assumptions about various aspects of criminal justice in Hong Kong. My publications are: Responding to Youth Crime in Hong Kong: Penal Elitism, Legitimacy and Citizenship (2014), Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong (2nd ed., 2017) and The Hong Kong Legal System (2nd ed., 2020).

I was the managing editor and book review editor of the Asian Journal of Criminology, and I serve on the editorial board of a number of academic journals including the International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology (SSCI), Australian Social Work (SSCI), Child & Family Social Work (SSCI), International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, Australian Social Work and Social Work Education: The International Journal. In addition, I am one of the Series Editors of Routledge Studies in Crime and Justice in Asia and the Global South, and welcome prospective authors to approach me for a possible research monograph. (Available at:

Last but not least, I am interested in exploring research collaborations with prospective doctoral students and criminal justice researchers around the world!


Recent activities: Study on Youth Violence and its Intervention, Social Welfare Development Fund, Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups. Enhancement of Service for Elderly Ex-offenders, Social Welfare Development Fund, The Society for Community Organization.

Lucia Dammert

Associate Professor, Department of Humanities, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Chile.

photo L Dammert

Personal message: It is a great honor to be an International Ambassador for the British Society of Criminology. I am an Associate Professor of International Studies at the University of Santiago de Chile and have studied thoroughly the security issues that occur in Latin America. I am currently the only Latin American on the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the Secretary General of the United Nations and am also a Global Fellow of the Latin American Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars.

In the past 10 years I have worked with national and local governments, research organizations and international cooperation agencies such as the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program and the Interamerican Development Bank in topics of urban violence in Latin America. At the public policy level I have held key advisory positions in the governments of Argentina, Peru, Chile and Mexico as well as in the Organization of American States.

Among my most recent books you can find Fear and Crime in Latin America. Redefying State-Society Relations (2012, Routledge), co edited, and Maras: Gang violence and security in Central America (2011, University of Texas Press) with Thomas Bruneau.  Furthermore, I have been working on the phenomenon of fear of crime and police reform issues where my most recent publications are ‘Fear of crime in Latin America’ (2018) with Felipe Salazar, in The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime, Murrey, L. & G. Mythen (339-353), and also ‘Police reform in Latin America?’  (forthcoming), in the Handbook of Law and Society in Latin America, Sieder, R. K. Ansolabehre.

I am delighted to be an International Ambassador for the BSC. I would be happy to help build a bridge with Latin American researchers working on criminological issues.

Recent activities: I am working on two research projects: (i) Punitive populism and media coverage in Chile and  (ii) Fear of crime and policing issues in Peru. Recently I was invited to Guatemala and Ecuador to debate issues of crime prevention and police reform. In May 2018 I will be participating at the Latin American Studies Association Conference in Barcelona on a panel on Corruption and Organized Crime.

Diego Gorgal

Professor at the School of Government of Torcuato Di Tella University (Argentina), School of Politics and Government of Austral University (Argentina), and the Joint Institute of Strategic Management at the Argentinean Ministry of Security.


Personal message: I am delighted to be an International Ambassador for the BSC. My entire career has been devoted to bridging the theoretical field and the real world at the crime policies arena. As a practitioner, in the wake of the 2001 Argentina´s crisis, I served in several governmental positions at the decision making level, such as Secretary of Security of the City of Buenos Aires, or Under-secretary of Security Planning of the Province of Buenos Aires, among others. Certainly, those years allowed me to gain first-hand experience regarding how crime policies are made under critical conditions such as technical and financial constraints, social conflict, and political pressure. After ten years of public service, I turned to the academic field, which I combine with consultancy on security projects for public and private organizations. Currently, I am professor at the School of Government of Torcuato Di Tella University (Argentine), School of Politics and Government of Austral University (Argentine), and the Joint Institute of Strategic Management at the Argentinean Ministry of Security.


Recent activities: My last work was “La sostenibilidad de las reformas policiales en América Latina” (Sustainability of police reforms in Latin America), and it was recently published in a book edited by Mariano Tenca y Emiliano Mendez Ortiz, with forewords of David Garland, “Manual de Prevención del Delito y Seguridad Ciudadana” (Manual of Crime Prevention and Citizen Security), Ciudad de Buenos Aires: Ediciones Didot 2018. Based on the case of one of the largest police agency in Latin America—the Province of Buenos Aires’ Police, which in the last twenty years was reformed twice, and the reforms were repealed twice—I discuss a model to assess under which conditions a police reform increases the chances of being sustained.

Richard M. Hough

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, and Public Administration Program Coordinator, Department of Administration and Law, University of West Florida.

photo Richard Hough

Personal message: What a tremendous honor and opportunity to serve as an International Ambassador for the British Society of Criminology. The iterations of the Society over the past century and the contemporary contributions of its conferences and publications speak to the continued vibrancy of criminology in the U.K. and the Society’s influence globally. I have already made it common practice to speak of the developments that take place within the BSC and writings of the members. The importance of sharing the insights and knowledge of the BSC with our colleagues internationally is of great importance.

My background as both a practitioner with diverse experience in the U.S. criminal justice system, and researcher and teacher of university students, and trainer of law enforcement and corrections personnel, have given me an opportunity over four decades to critically assess and track trends and advances – as well as missteps – in America. Since my days at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, I have consciously included an international focus in my own work and in my facilitation of learning for others. I frequently conduct criminology and criminal justice topic briefings for public service professionals from around the world as part of the U. S. State Department’s International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP). Presentations with U.K. colleagues at the last two annual BSC conferences were wonderful experiences and welcoming several members to the Homicide Research Working Group (HRWG) annual conferences. I am pleased to have recently joined the efforts of the Criminal Investigation Research Network (CIRN) based at the University of South Wales.


Recent activities: The two areas of interest that occupy much of my time are the study of criminal homicide and its investigation, and the use of force within the field of criminal justice. The former lead to co-authoring the text American Homicide with Dr. Kimberly McCorkle and published by SAGE, and the latter interest lead me to write the recently published text The Use of Force in Criminal Justice, published by Routledge. Also see a recent video presentation hosted by Calibre Press entitled How Can You Mistake a Gun for a Taser?‘  I consult to numerous criminal justice agencies and often testify in the U.S. federal court system as an expert on the use of force, as well as police and corrections practices. I teach courses on policing, homicide, cold case investigations, the use of force, and public management.

The past half year of 2020 has been consequential. The global pandemic prevented the annual conference of the BSC and, quite sadly, my return to the U.K. to meet with friends and colleagues, as well as take part in presentations at the conference in Liverpool. Our inconveniences and personal disappointments are obviously of no great or lasting consequence measured against the suffering, loss of life, and still unknown impacts of the COVID-19 novel coronavirus and, here in the United States, the disjointed and less than effective response to the monumental health crisis. To further collaborations and communication between the criminology communities in the U.K. and U.S., I embarked in the Fall semester of 2019 on a journey that took me to speaking engagements at universities around the U.K. to have conversations with students and colleagues about two specific areas of my work, homicide investigations, and the use of force by police and other criminal justice personnel. There were so many insights and valuable talks, and several opportunities to continue important comparative work.

I remain committed to the British Society of Criminology, and to my many friends across its membership. I have reached out to a number of these to offer my service in any way to provide perspective on the freshly revisited ongoing scourge and tragedies of implicit and explicit bias, racism, and structural inequality in the U.S. My forty years in and around policing, and my teaching and training of officers and students in the various aspects of force usage by police in a Western democracy, feel even more relevant now – and increasingly urgent. The recorded killing of George Floyd (among others) not only gave 330 million people in this country pause to consider the role and response of their police, but, I hope, the will and momentum to consider so much more about unequal treatment. So many police and academic colleagues in the U.K. marveled (or scratched their heads), as I talked about the U.S. system of fifty separate states and 18,000 separate local-level law enforcement agencies, sized from one officer to 40,000. As a human and cultural diversity trainer for three decades, I was pleased to co-present a national seminar on implicit bias attended by some 600 police – but training alone is never the solution. Leadership is critical.

I repeat here my offer of a virtual conversation and presentation to your classes to any U.K. colleague who knows that such a perspective may benefit and spur further discussion within your own classrooms (virtual or not). Quite seriously, I am available and feel it a duty to appear by video and talk. My email is

I’m happy to help represent BSC in the United States and around the world and I look forward to some great conversations and collaborations.

K. Jaishankar

Principal Director & Professor of Criminology and Crime Sciences, International Institute of Crime & Security Sciences (IICSS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India and President, South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology, (SASCV), India.

Personal message: Though I have many interests in the field of Criminology, I am presently contributing more to the fields of Cyber Criminology and Victimology. I am the Founder of the academic discipline ‘Cyber Criminology’ (founded 2007) and Perspective ‘Cyber Victimology (created 2015). In 2013, I won the prestigious “National Academy of Sciences, India (NASI) – SCOPUS Young Scientist Award 2012 – Social Sciences” in a stiff competition. The Key notes given by the panellists in support of my award were: ‘Pioneering and collaborative research work, Clarity and grasp on the subject work domain and high awareness of related contemporary issues.’ My first direct interaction with the members of BSC was in 2009, while I was a Commonwealth Fellow at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law, University of Leeds. Also, as the founding President of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV) (founded 2009, I had the privilege to interact with many of the members of the BSC and their response and support to SASCV was very impressive. I deem it a great honour to be an International Ambassador of BSC. As an International Ambassador of BSC, I sincerely believe to enhance my collaborations with British Academia and will try to take the BSC’s principles to my international networks. To know more about me and my works, please visit /  / 

Mobile:  +91 8618154801  

  • Published: Jaishankar K. (Ed.) (2019). Routledge Handbook of South Asian Criminology.  Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ISBN: 9781482260458.
  • Invited Expert by the United Nations Office of Counter – Terrorism, for the Closed Experts Group Meeting (EGM) on “Cooperation between Civil Society Organizations and International Authorities for Victims of Terrorism in Asia-Pacific” held at Singapore City, Singapore during 18-20, June 2019.
  • Invited Expert by the UNITED NATIONS Office of Counter – Terrorism, for the Closed Experts Group Meeting (EGM) on “Rights of Victims of Terrorism in Asia-Pacific” held at Seoul, South Korea during 27-29, March 2019 (Moderator).
  • Invited Expert by the UNITED NATIONS Office of Counter – Terrorism, for the Closed Experts Group Meeting (EGM) on “Assistance and Support for Victims of Terrorism in Asia-Pacific” held at Bangkok, Thailand during 26-28, February 2019 (Key Presenter).
  • TEDx Speaker: Invited by TEDxNITTrichy, an independently organized TED event and delivered a TEDx talk on my Space Transition Theory of Cyber Crimes on 11th August 2018.

Gorazd Meško
Professor of Criminology and Head of the Criminology Chair at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia.

Personal message: 
I have been teaching criminology since 1992, which I believe is a great privilege. My study visits to universities in the UK have always been a great experience. I was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Criminology in Cambridge in 1995, 2001 and 2010-2014, and at the Centre for Criminology in Oxford in 1996 and 1999. I also enjoyed the status of Honorary visiting fellow at the Department of Criminology, University of Leicester (2005-2008). These study visits helped me to improve my criminological knowledge and ability to do comparative criminological research. One of the most important student exchange projects I have been involved in was a project between EU and Australia (2006-2009) headed by Susanne Karstedt (Keele University, now Griffith University) and Richard Wortley (Griffith University, now retired from UCL). In addition to teaching in Slovenia, I have enjoyed working with the Erasmus+ exchange students and mentored several diligent masters and doctoral students in English in the last two decades. I have recently co-edited ‘Handbook on Policing in Central and Eastern Europe’ (Springer, 2013) and ‘Trust and Legitimacy in Criminal Justice: European Perspectives’ (Springer, 2015), Water, Governance and Crime Issues (2020). I have also been a guest (co)editor of Policing – An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management (with Chuck Fields, 2009, with Matt Bowden, 2024), the Prison Journal (2011), Crime, Law and Social Change (with Nigel South and Rob White, 2013) and International Criminology (with Vania Ceccato, 2021). I have participated in European research projects on local safety and security (EEMUS and URBIS), juvenile delinquency (YOUPREV), and Water Crimes. All these projects have been an excellent opportunity to learn about research practices in other academic and professional cultures. Since 2015, I have headed a national research project on safety and security in local communities (2015-2019, general perspectives, and 2019-2024, rural and urban perspectives). Recently, I received recognition for international and comparative research by the DIC ASC, the Freda Adler Distinguished Scholar Award for International and Comparative Criminology (2022) and the International Section of the ACJS G.O.W. Mueller Award for International Criminal Justice (2024). I am currently co-editing books Rural Criminology in Global Perspective: State of the Art on the World’s Continents (Bowden and Meško, 2025) and The UN Sustainable Development Goals and Provision of Security, Responses to Crime and Security Threats, and Fair Criminal Justice Systems (Meško, Kutnjak Ivkovich and Hacin, 2024). I have organised a biennial international conference on Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe since 2004. The conference is considered a bridge between the North and the South and the West and the East of Europe. 

I’m delighted to be representing the BSC through the role of International Ambassador, and if I can help you in this capacity, please contact me.


Recent activities: A visiting scholar at the Institute of Criminology in Cambridge, UK (2010-2014) – a partner in studies on situational action theory (PADS+) (a joint paper in the European journal of criminology together with Helmut Hirtenlehner in 2019) and legitimacy of criminal justice (a book with R. Hacin on legitimacy in prisons, SpringerBriefs, 2020). My current research activities are related to safety/security in local communities, especially in rural settings. I am currently co-editing books on victims and victim protection in the Balkans (Max Planck Institute, planned for publishing in 2020) and Water, Governance and Water Crime (Springer, scheduled for publishing in 2020). I have been the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Criminal Investigation and Criminology (orig. Revija za kriminalistiko in kriminologijo) since 2010. The journal is listed in the SSCI (criminology & penology) and Scopus. Last but not least, I have been a chairperson of an international biennial conference on criminal justice and security organised by my faculty in Ljubljana, Slovenia ( since 2004. The conferences have helped many regional scholars to publish their papers in English and make their research visible to international criminological, criminal justice and security researchers, policymakers and practitioners. Topics covered since 2004 include: development of criminology; criminal justice and security studies; policing; contemporary social control; unconventional deviance, research in criminology and criminal justice; professionalism, trust and legitimacy; safety, security in local communities;  and evidence-based policy making.

Bronwyn Naylor
Graduate School of Business & Law RMIT University, Australia.


Personal message: I am delighted to be an International Ambassador for the BSC. I am a Professor in the Graduate School of Business & Law RMIT University and was formerly in the Law Faculty at Monash University, in Melbourne, Australia. For a number of years I was an Associate Chair of the Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee. I grew up in Melbourne and practiced law briefly before working in a statutory law reform agency, and then becoming an academic. I have degrees in Arts (English Literature) and Law from Monash University, and a PhD in Criminology from Cambridge University. I first began attending BSC conferences in the 1980s when I studied for the MPhil in Criminology at Cambridge, and continued when I returned in 1992 for doctoral studies. I have always found such interdisciplinary and comparative engagement invaluable in my research, which in recent years has incorporated criminal law, human rights laws, and regulatory theory in analyses of imprisonment and sentencing, prison overcrowding, crime and gender, and transitions from prison. Some of my current projects include examining how human rights principles can be implemented in places of detention such as prisons; whether and how children of offenders can be taken into account in sentencing and imprisonment decisions; the consequences of a criminal record for ex-offenders; legal and policy approaches to banning the corporal punishment of children; defences for female homicide offenders; and restorative justice avenues for victims of sexual violence. I look forward to continued interaction with BSC members in these and other projects.


Recent activities: Publication of a co-edited book Human Rights in Closed Environments (Federation Press 2014), and co-authored Criminal Law text (2016). Co-ordination of an international seminar in Stockholm on the corporal punishment of children, papers to be published in 2018. Organisation of an expert Symposium in Melbourne on the implementation of the newly-ratified UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture in Australia, with papers to be published in 2019. Research and publications on the impact of a criminal record on Aboriginal communities and on possible legal and policy responses

Rafael Paternain

Professor and researcher at the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of the Republic of Uruguay.


Personal Message: Is a very high honour to represent the British Society of Criminology as an international Ambassador. It’s an institution with global prestige, who’s academic and outreach production is particularly relevant to connect discussions and agendas on violence and crime.

I’ve been working for twenty five years in the field of criminological sociology (sometimes on the edge with the political sociology or social theory) and have travelled different matters: penitentiary system, statistical crime information, statistical information on crime, surveys of victimizations, studies on insecurity, political public ,public safety and research on police violence.

A part of my career has been conducted from the institutional level played from 1992 until 2010 at the Ministry of the Interior of Uruguay.

Also I have been participating in a lot of international projects (UNDP, OAS and IDB) and advising many Governments in Latin America. However, from the first day until today, my strongest commitment has been with the academic work and the training of new researchers in an area of studies that has grown significantly in recent years.

In this context it is a great opportunity to strengthen ties with the British Society of Criminology and promote channels of developments and consolidation of criminological thought in my country.

Recent activities: For years, my research has revolved around the institutional problems of security. First through a study on the policy of police in Uruguay (2005-2015) and its insertion in a comparative context in South America, and later by conducting a survey to measure the scope of police violence on teenagers and young people in Montevideo City. (Uruguay).

For these months I´m giving the first steps for the development of a line of work on victims of crime in Uruguay (subjectivities, discourses and policies).

Ann Skelton

Professor of Law, University of Pretoria

Ann Skelton

Personal message:  I am a Professor of Law at the University of Pretoria in South Africa. My doctorate focused on Restorative Justice in relation to child offenders. Although my work encompasses a wide range of child rights issues several of my areas of interest fall within the field of criminology. The first of these is the promotion of child justice reform, particularly in other developing countries – I led the committee that drafted the South African Child Justice Act (2008), which has become a popular model of reform in other African countries and the Carribean. I was a recipient of a Juvenile Justice Without Borders prize in 2016, awarded by the International Juvenile Justice Observancy for my 20 years of work in reducing the number of children in prison in South Africa. In recent years I have been working on the harsh effects of new sexual offence laws on adolescents, which leads to consensual teen sex being criminalised, ages of consent being raised, the inclusion of young sex offenders on sex offenders’ registers, children being charged with possession of pornography for taking naked pictures of themselves on their cell phones.

I feel very enthusiastic about the use of strategic litigation to challenge such laws, as well as challenging harsh sentencing of child offenders and the effects of imprisonment of primary caregivers on their children. I have argued several such cases in the South African Constitutional Courtt, and I would like to see more litigation of this nature happening on the African continent and elsewhere.


Recent activities: I am serving a four year term as a member of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child in May 2017, and have been nominated for re-election. I play an active role in promoting the rights of child offenders through the Committee – I chaired the working group that drafted the General Comment no 24 on the rights of children in child justice systems. Reducing the detention of children loomed large in my life during 2019: I was chairperson of the Advisory Board for the Global Study on Children Deprived of Their Liberty. This process involved states counting child and culminated I n a Report to the United Nations, as well as a broader report that is published as an omnibook.  The findings of the study reveal the extent of deprivation of liberty, identifies good practice and proposes system changes to minimise, and in some contexts, eliminate the deprivation of children’s liberty.

Finally, I have an abiding interest in restorative justice and human rights– In 2019 I co-authored a monograph on the current situation of restorative justice in South Africa with Mike Batley.